Why I’m Keeping Chickens (for Zero Waste)
I’ve loved the idea of having chickens since my days of renting an upstairs apartment. I was hopeful in my last place that it might be possible, but being a strata (7 units on a single block with 7 owners and opinions – plus tenants in the mix) there needed to be consensus, and alas – there was not.
Since I moved, chickens have been back on the plan, and three weeks ago, they moved in.
Now clearly I’m no chicken expert (!) – although side note, I did read a lot of books on the subject first, more on that in a second – but I thought it might be interesting for you if I explained why I’ve got chickens, how chickens fit with a zero waste lifestyle and what you might like to do if you’re thinking of getting chickens, too.
Lots of reasons, actually! Chickens have a lot going for them.
Reducing food waste.
Chickens are great munchers of food scraps. They can’t eat everything – they won’t eat rotten or mouldy food (and it is dangerous to feed them this) – but they’ll eat cores and seeds and rinds and stems and bits that might otherwise head to the compost caddy.
Chickens are omnivores and will eat all kinds of insects: grasshoppers, cockroaches and caterpillars, for example. They will actually also kill and eat mice. Because I want to grow food in my back garden, chickens can help keep the bad insects under control.
They are also great for managing fruit fly, which live in the soil for part of their life cycle (the larva and pupa stages) and can wreck fruit crops. Not that I have any fruit trees producing fruit yet, but I will.
Chickens eat grass. A flock of chickens can easily destroy a lawn – which in my case, is exactly what I want. Much better that it gets eaten than sent to landfill. As well as nibbling the tips they dig around and scratch it up (and poo on it) so it doesn’t stand a chance. Hurrah!
(The bit of lawn I do plan to keep is definite chicken no-go zone. For obvious reasons.)
All this eating has to end up somewhere! Chicken poop is high in nitrogen and good for the garden. It needs composting before adding to plants (it can burn young roots).
Chickens make great pets.
I love the idea of having chickens around, rustling around the garden and foraging for insects and eating my weeds. They are much more self-sufficient than dogs or cats.
I left this until last because although it might seem to be the most obvious, there are plenty of other reasons to keep chickens. I’m not particularly fussed about the egg part, as I don’t buy eggs as part of my grocery shop (I occasionally eat eggs from friends with chickens, and sometimes if I order breakfast out).
Most of the eggs I get I intend to give away to family and friends that might otherwise buy eggs. I’ve eaten some too. I’d rather use them than waste them, but I still don’t eat that many.
I know vegans who keep chickens and eat their eggs only (because they know how the chickens are fed and treated ). I also know vegans who keep chickens and leave the eggs for nature (chickens will actually eat their own eggs), but this works better if you’ve got more space. Broken stinky egg in the coop isn’t going to be fun for anyone.
Just to be clear, unless you have a rooster as part of the flock (which isn’t necessary and isn’t allowed in most urban areas), the eggs are infertile. A chicken’s shelled menstruation, as a vegan once told me. So eating eggs doesn’t kill unborn chicks.
Getting started: do some chicken research
Personally, I’m not into ‘winging it’ (no pun intended) when it comes to keeping live animals. I’d rather have a good grasp of the basics and have an idea at least of where to look and where to go if I run into problems. Of course we can’t learn everything beforehand, but having a basic understanding goes a long way.
Read chicken books
I literally borrowed every book in the library to do with keeping chickens (and one of keeping quail) as well as borrow another from a friend. There was lots of stuff in there that was irrelevant for me, such as raising chicks, showing chickens at competitions and – no thanks – how to eat your chicken (I don’t eat meat anyway, but eating your pets seems a little wrong).
But there was lots of useful tips too, and it was helpful (honestly!) to read conflicting opinions on things.
If you’d like to read up on keeping chickens, I found these three books to be the best:
Backyard chickens: how to keep happy hens, by Dave Ingham (Australia)
Chickens: the essential guide to choosing and keeping happy, healthy hens, by Suzie Baldwin (UK)
Keeping chickens: getting the best from your chickens, by Jeremy Hobson (UK)
(All were available at my library.)
Find people in your neighbourhood with chickens
I have lots of friends who keep chickens, so this was easy for me. One in particular (who has been keeping chickens for 5 years, and has a flock of 12) lives two streets away.
It’s handy to have people in your nieghbourhood to ask questions, and also to pop round and look at their setup (they can give you advice about predators, sourcing things like food and advising on good local vets in a way that a book never could).
If you’re not fortunate enough to already know someone with chickens (and even if you are), there are also online communities.
Join an online chicken community
There are heaps of forums dedicated to keeping chickens, and also plenty of Facebook groups so connect with people this way. (If you don’t have local friends with chickens yet, try connecting with local owners here.)
Forums and groups are a great way to ask questions and find knowledge; however it’s not always obvious which advice is right or who to trust. It also depends on the question and the consequence of wrong advice. Particularly with sick chickens, the advice of a vet will be better than trying a homemade remedy from somebody you don’t know whose chickens you’ve never seen.
Talks and workshops
It goes without saying: if you can get to a talk or workshop by a chicken owner, you’ll learn heaps. I went to one by a vet, and it was really helpful – there was a big focus on chicken welfare with lots I hadn’t considered before.
Getting ready for chickens: setting up home
There are a more things few things to consider before actually getting chickens and bringing them home. Including their home!
Rules and regulations
You’ll want to check with your local council whether chickens are allowed, how many you can keep and if there are any other restrictions (such as being a certain distance from the house, or away from fences).
The fences rule might seem arbitrary but actually, a lot of fences in Australia were sprayed with toxic chemicals such as Dieldrin right up to the 1970s. It’s worth getting eggs tested if you intend to eat them to check that your soil isn’t contaminated – whether with Dieldrin or something else. If it is, there are remedial measures (removing and replacing the soil, or building a concrete base for your coop).
Choosing a suitable home
It’s important to choose a home that’s suitable for the climate, and predator proof.
I’m in the fairly unusual situation of living in a suburb that doesn’t have foxes. Fox-proofing my chicken coop isn’t necessary, but for most people, it’s an absolute must. Some people may have to think about snake-proofing, too, and also birds of prey.
The only threat where I live is hawks, and they tend to only take chicks and maybe young ones, but not full-grown hens.
Ideally, chickens need shelter from the elements, a dark space to lay eggs, and somewhere secure and well ventilated to sleep. The need shade, access to dirt for dust bathing and also space in the sun.
I’ve read that chickens can manage on 1m2 per chicken. Manage maybe, but when you factor in all these things, plus the fact they will poop in this space too, more space is really better. Allowing them to graze somewhere else during the day makes for more sanitary conditions and happier chickens.
It’s possible to buy coops or make your own. I was very stressed about this, not having any skills to make my own but really wanting to find something second-hand over buying new. Even with plans, I think a DIY coop would take me months to build.
My prayers were answered when one of my readers (Alison) saw I was reading chicken books, and donated her second-hand but unused coop.
This is Alison’s Retirement Home for Second-Chance Chickens:
Another friend lent me some fencing so that I could create a run for during the day to extend the space. She also lent me a couple of feeders to use, and gave me some crumble (a type of chicken food) to get my flock started.
Honestly, I think she was impatient I was taking so long! I don’t like to rush these things…
Bringing chickens home
The books all write about going to reputable breeders, but I only want to rehome or rescue chickens (I don’t want to add more animals to the world). Factory farmed (battery) rescues aren’t recommended for newbies like me (both the books and an experienced friend told me this) and so I rehomed some chickens from a family who had a change in circumstance and could no longer keep them.
I took my friend with me when I got them (honestly, I’d never have caught them without her!) and she gave them the once over so that if there was anything that needed treating, we could deal with it. I wouldn’t know what to look for. One came with lice and mites, but we’re working on that and she has a clean area to dust bathe (which suffocates them).
I only planned on getting three, but there was a cute little teenager there who I couldn’t resist bringing with me…
She’s called Alison, and she is an araucana. The other three are all different breeds.
One is an ISA brown called Billina, who is the boss of the flock, mostly because she is the bravest. The others run for cover when I come, but not Billina. She trots up to see what’s on offer.
The black chicken is an Australian breed called an Australorp. She is huge with a black beady eye and she is called Dark Emu. Despite her size she is scared of everything. Half the time I think she has escaped because she blends in so well with the shadows.
The chicken with the collar is a welsummer called BossyBoots, mostly because she is bossy even though she is not the boss. She pecks at poor Alison (definite mean streak, this one). She is also extremely loud, announcing when she (or anyone) has laid an egg – and sometimes announcing even when there is no egg. People can hear her on the next street (I wish I was joking).
And that’s the flock! They’ve been here three weeks, and so far so good. It’s amazing to discover all their personalities and I’m very fond of them all already. Looking forward to more chicken adventures as the months unfold…
Now I’d love to hear from you! Do you have chickens? Tell me more! Are you thinking about getting them? Do you have any questions about keeping chickens, or any advice for newbie chicken keepers like me? Let’s get the conversation started: share your thoughts below!
Great post Lindsay, I’m looking at getting chickens once I’ve moved in to my tiny house. Like you, I’m reading lots and not rushing it! I’m glad we don’t have foxes here in NZ also.
Thanks Amanda! Yep, that’s my way too. I started borrowing books back in October, got the coop set up in December, read more books, then finally got chickens this February. There’s still so much to learn, but I feel confident at least of where to turn if I get stuck. Good luck with yours!
Hi Lindsay, you inspire me. I’ve always wanted chickens but I live in the tropics (Cairns) with some mega pythons that move through our suburb on occasion. (I’m not being dramatic, in the last 10 years there are 2 streets either side of me where medium size dogs have been ‘wrapped’ by a python to have their owners save them by scaring/beating them off.) I think with the right preparation and very safe night areas and safe day runs it may be possible. However as I get very attached to animals I will search for Cairns chicken groups and talk to people before I make a final decision.
Hi Jane, thanks for your lovely comment. There are some Cairns people in one of the poultry groups I joined via Facebook and I remember seeing a video of one removing a huge snake from a nesting box – I think it might have been a pigeon and not a chicken, though. There will definitely be people doing it who can give you location-specific tips and ideas and not-to-do’s. Good luck!
We love our chickens too- and they have been great at eating our couch lawn I have been phasing out ! You can also eat eggs when there is a rooster. Eggs need to be ‘set’ spend about 3 days under a chook or in an incubator before they start to make a chick- its actually hard to tell a fertile egg (fresh laid) from a non fertile one!
Hi Pauline, yes aren’t they great for lawn removal! I had been told that about chickens (well, actually ducks!) – it is quite fascinating how it all works. The person who was telling me explained that the chicken/duck/bird needs all the babies to hatch at once, otherwise there will be chicks and eggs and either the chick will wander off and die or the eggs will be left and die. So they save them up, and then start warming them up to activate! So eating a fertile egg doesn’t actually mean eating a chick, because fertile eggs aren’t ‘activated’ – although not having a rooster I do not need to worry about this!
And don’t forget kids. Raising chickens is an awesome life experience for children. My youngest spends a good part of her spare time our “girls” rather than on electronics. We’ve had very interesting conversations about the $5.99 chicken on our plate vs the “real thing”, it’s opened both kid’s eyes to food isn’t just something you buy at the super market. It’s a real living being with personalities. So if we are going to eat meat we need to appreciate what meat really is.
And don’t forget the big kids too. We enjoy sitting with the chickens on a Friday evening, having a drink and relaxing yarn, listening to our “girls” talk to each other as they do another round of the garden or attack our toes for a special treat.
Hi Chris! Ah yes, good point. Not having kids I didn’t actually think of this. The connection of where our food comes from is lost on so many, children and adults alike. I’m finding it quite fascinating that I can identify all of the chicken’s eggs and so I know exactly who laid what. And yes, they have such big personalities!
Hello again Lindsay,
You will love your chicken experience. I think the black one is a dark or speckled Sussex. Also, try half a teaspoon of minced garlic in the water bowl to avoid mites.
We have kept chickens for the last 4 years and wouldn’t be without them. Waste disposal, eggs, and manure for the veggie patch.
Hi Darren! Yes I think I will. The black one is definitely an Australorp – the previous owner told me that is was, but also you can see the green tinge of the black feathers in the light. I did do that with the garlic, popped two squashed cloves in there – and some cheeky chicken gobbled them up for herself! Need to stock up on garlic, I think!
Sounds awesome! I’d love chooks but already have a dog, cat and two guinea pigs so not much to feed our compost with anyways.
Do chicks eat ants? We are currently under a massive ant invasion so maybe your flock could come around and have a feast! :D
Maybe one day, Sharka! I have no idea if they eat ants but my guess is yes – they seem to eat most things! They love a good cockroach – quite the gourmet delight! ;)
I got my 3 chickens about 18 months ago thinking they’d help me out in the garden but boy was I wrong! I was letting them free range all day every day and all they did was rip out all my veggies and plants plus throw the wood chips all around the yard! After 6 months of that we had to build them a run. One escapes every now and then and makes a mess. I do love my girls though. Good luck and I hope you enjoy being a chicken owner!
Haha, I have heard that about true free-ranging, Courtney! My plan is to strategically move the fenced area according to where I *want* them to free range, so they still get access to fresh snacks and the like, but so they don’t make a beeline to my poor defenceless seedlings! They can spread a handful of wood chips a remarkable distance, you are right!
Sounds like a good plan! I also forgot to mention your BossyBoots sounds a lot like my Gertrude. Always picking on my lowest ranking hen and making a fuss when ever someone lays an egg or as you said even when no one lays an egg! I rush out to collect and there’s nothing there
Snap! We also just got chickens: an Isa Brown (the boss, like yours) and a teenage Brahma (feathered feet).
Hi Lindsay – I’ve often considered getting chickens, but two things have held me back: 1) council restrictions – I’m in the same council as you (buy nothing page!) and if I try to follow council rules about position of a coop, on our corner block, I can’t find anywhere that would comply. Any tips? and 2) Perth heat. I had a friend once who always had to run home to look after her chickens on a hot day. Maybe a leafy shady space and a water spray on a timer for very hot days? Have you had any very hot days yet with your new chooks?